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Monday, 16 March 2015


Gabon's name originates from "Gabão", Portuguese for "cloak", which is roughly the shape of the estuary of the Komo River by its capital Libreville.

The French gained control of modern-day Gabon in 1839, when a local chief surrendered the sovereignty of his land to them.

Gabon became one of the four territories of French Equatorial Africa in 1910, a federation that survived for 49 years.

With the rise of the decolonization movement in Africa, the French were obliged to grant limited autonomy to Gabon as a self-governing republic within the French Community. Gabon gained its independence from France on August 17, 1960.

The yellow band on the flag of Gabon represents the Equator, which cuts across the republic.

Gabon flag

In 2002, President Omar Bongo Ondimba designated roughly 10% of the nation's territory to be part of its national park system (with 13 parks in total), one of the largest proportions of nature parkland in the world.

Oil revenues comprise roughly 46% of the Gabon government's budget, 43% of gross domestic product (GDP), and 81% of exports.

32% of the Gabonese people speak the Fang language as a mother tongue. It is estimated that 80% of Gabon's population can speak French, and that 30% of Libreville residents are native speakers of the language.

Source Wikipedia

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