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Thursday, 26 March 2015

George I of Great Britain

George I (1660-1727) was born in Osnabrück, Germany and was the ruler of Hanover in North Germany.

When Queen Anne of Great Britain died in 1714, an Act of Parliament said the next ruler must be a Protestant. George was not the closest relative, but was the closest Protestant one. Closer relatives were all Roman Catholic, so George became King of Great Britain and Ireland on August 1, 1714, marking the beginning of the Georgian era of British history.

George I, c. 1714. Studio of Sir Godfrey Kneller.

King George I was the last king of England who could not speak English. He spoke to his Prime Minister Robert Walpole in Latin.

King George I took his meals in private attended by two Turkish servants. He particularly liked oysters and oily salads.

He suffered a stroke on the road between Delden and Nordhorn while visiting his native Hanover. King George was taken by carriage to the Prince-Bishop's palace at Osnabrück where he died in the early hours of June 11, 1727.

King George was buried in the chapel of Leine Castle but his remains were moved to the chapel at Herrenhausen after World War II.

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