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Thursday, 26 March 2015

Georgia (Country)

The earliest archaeological evidence of wine- making from grapes was found in Georgia and dates back to 6,000 BC.

Georgians have their own unique three alphabets which according to traditional accounts was invented by King Pharnavaz I of Iberia in the 3rd century BC.

King Tamar was the ruling monarch of the United Kingdom of Georgia in 12th-13th centuries and was the first woman king in the country’s history. The Georgians didn’t have a word for queen by the time this female ascended to the throne, so they dubbed her king instead.

Near the turn of the 19th century the 19-year-old son of a shoemaker, Josef Dzhugashvili was expelled from Tiflis Theological Seminary, the best teaching establishment in Georgia, where he was also studying to be a priest. He had fourteen times been caught reading banned books, including works by Marx, Darwin and Victor Hugo. Later in his life he adopted the name "Stalin" meaning "Man of Steel" which Lenin had given him. Josef Stalin was to rise to the highest position, leading the Soviet Union from April 3, 1922 until his death on October 16, 1952.

Joseph Stalin, seated outdoors at Berlin conference in 1945

Soviet Russia recognized the independence of the Democratic Republic of Georgia in the 1920 Treaty of Moscow only to invade the country six months later.

Landscape in South Ossetia's Dzhava District.

The Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic held the first multiparty legislature election in the country's history on October 28, 1990.

The Georgian independence referendum took place on March 31, 1991: nearly 99 percent of the voters support the country's independence from the Soviet Union. Ten days later, shortly before the collapse of the Soviet Union, Georgia declared independence.

Zviad Gamsakhurdia became the first elected President of the Republic of Georgia in the post-Soviet era on May 26, 1991.

South Ossetia declared independence from Georgia on November 28, 1991. This has gained only limited acceptance.

Georgia is the country with most King Georges in history. Their last king, George XII (sometimes known as George XIII), died in 1800.

In 2009 Georgia was thrown out of the Eurovision Song Contest after its entry, “We Don't Wanna Put In“ - widely seen as a swipe at Valdimir Putin – was deemed too political.

The national flag of the Republic of Georgia, the so-called "five cross flag", was restored to official use on January 14, 2014 after a hiatus of some 500 years.

The population of Georgia is about 5 million. About 1.3 million of these live in the capital Tbilisi, which was founded around AD 400, after the end of the Roman Empire.

Abkhazia is a self-declared republic within Georgia, which is only recognized by Russia, Nicaragua, Venezuela and the Pacific island of Nauru. Despite the lack of general recognition, elections were held among its estimated 250,000-strong population in 2017.

Most of the people speak Georgian as their first language, though some also speak Azerbaijani, Armenian, Russian or other languages.

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