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Saturday, 14 March 2015


The largest organism on Earth is a fungus. The discovery of Armillaria ostoyae in 1998 heralded a new record holder for the title of the world’s largest known organism. The fungus occupies some 2,384 acres of soil in Oregon’s Blue Mountains.

Starting from a single spore too small to see without a microscope, the Oregon Armillaria ostoyae  and has been weaving its black shoestring filaments for an estimated 2,400 years, killing trees as it grows.

Fungal species outnumber plants in temperate forests 10 to one.

Genetic studies have revealed that fungi are more closely related to animals than they are to plants.

The discipline of biology devoted to the study of fungi is known as mycology

The fungus Hirticlavula elegans is so named (from the Latin for "elegant") because of the beauty of its fruit bodies.

Japan has a 'national fungus' - Aspergillus oryzae, or koji - which is essential for brewing sake, and making miso, soy sauce, and other traditional Japanese foods.

A zombie ant is a fungus that infects the brains of carpenter ants. It signals the insect to crawl to a spot where the fungus can reproduce.

Smuts' are multicellular fungi that often grow on grain.

Truffles, a type of fungus, are sniffed out of the soil by female pigs. Truffles sell for up to $1,500 a pound.

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