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Thursday, 14 May 2015

Guinea (Country)

Guinea, officially the Republic of Guinea, is a country in West Africa. Formerly known as French Guinea. It is today sometimes called Guinea-Conakry to distinguish it from its neighbor Guinea-Bissau and Equatorial Guinea.

The country is named after the Guinea region, the region of Africa that lies along the Gulf of Guinea. The word comes directly from the Portuguese Guiné, which emerged in the mid-15th century to refer to the lands inhabited by the Guineus, a generic term for the black African peoples below the Senegal River.

Early 15th century Portuguese explorers discovered bananas in Western Africa and took them to the Canary Islands. The word “banana” is the native word for the fruit in Guinea.

France colonized the land that is now Guinea in the 1890s, and made it part of French West Africa.

Guinea declared its independence from France on October 2, 1958. Guinea proclaimed itself a sovereign and independent republic, with Sékou Touré as president.

The flag of Guinea was adopted on November 10, 1958. The colors of the flag were adapted from those of the Rassemblement Démocratique Africain, the dominant movement at the time of independence. Red symbolizes the blood of the martyrs who died from slavery and wars, yellow represents the sun and the riches of the country, and green the country's vegetation.

Flag of Guinea
A protest held by 50,000 people in Conakry, Guinea on September 28, 2009, was forcefully disrupted by the military junta, resulting in at least 157 deaths and over 1,200 injuries.

In March 2014, the World Health Organization (WHO) reported a major Ebola outbreak in Guinea. Researchers traced the outbreak to a two-year old child who died December 2013.The disease then rapidly spread to the neighboring countries of Liberia and Sierra Leone and became the largest documented outbreak to date.

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