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Friday, 15 May 2015

Gun

HISTORY OF GUNS

The first device identified as a gun, a bamboo tube that used gunpowder to fire a spear, appeared in China around AD 1000.

Gunpowder was brought to Europe during the Mongol invasion in the first half of the 13th century.

Siege guns were used by the English at Calais in 1346 during the Hundred Years War.

Early guns took so long to load and fire that bows and arrows — in trained hands — were deemed twelve times more efficient.

Portable guns were introduced not long after artillery, being mentioned in several European texts of the second half of the 14th century.

The earliest surviving firearm in Europe found were from Otepää, Estonia and dates to at least 1396.

During the 17th century loading time for guns was saved by providing the soldier with the correct charge, together with the ball, wrapped in a paper tube - the whole package being called a cartridge.

England's King George 1 granted a patent to London lawyer James Puckle to produce a machine gun which could be adjusted to fire round bullets at Christians and square bullets at Turks. It could fire nine shots a minute — three times faster than the quickest infantryman at the time.

The first successful rapid-fire firearm was the Gatling Gun, invented by Richard Gatling. It fired 350 rounds a minute and first saw action in 1864 during the American Civil War.



The world's first sub-machine gun was the MP18.1, which was invented by Theodor Bergmann. It was introduced into service in 1918 by the German Army during World War I.

Big Bertha, a super-heavy howitzer gun used by the Germans during World War 1, was so powerful that troops had to move 300 yards away and put cotton wads in their ears, eyes, and nose, as well as open their mouths, so that their eardrums weren't burst by the blast pressure.

The largest gun of World War I, the 'Paris Gun', was capable of firing a shell into the stratosphere.

Restrictions on the use of firearms were introduced in the UK with the 1920 Firearms Act. This for the first time, introduced gun licences and was designed "to afford an effective system of control over the possession, use and carrying of firearms so as far as possible to secure that they do not come into the hands of criminals or otherwise undesirable persons."

US President Bill Clinton signed the Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act into law on November 30, 1993, requiring purchasers of handguns to pass a background check.


The US population reached 310 million in 2009 and there were also 310 million guns — the first time in American history that there were as many firearms as people. Within four years, there were 357 million weapons to 317 million people.

FUN GUN FACTS

There are guns in space. Specifically, there are usually one or two handguns on board the International Space Station

You only need to be at least three foot underwater to be protected from bullets fired from a gun.

The US army tested the lethality of the AK47, the AR 15 and the M14 in a 1962 secret study by firing bullets at severed human limbs and heads imported from India.

The most times to unholster and holster a gun in one minute is 44 and was achieved by Will Roberts in Calico, California, July 10, 2014.



Source Historyworld.net

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