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Wednesday, 12 August 2015


The Magyars established Hungary in 896, after they had arrived there from their previous, Eastern European territories. Prince Árpád was their leader at the time; he also established the first royal house of the country, the Árpád-house.

The Principality of Hungary was established as a Christian kingdom upon the coronation of the first King Stephen I at Esztergom on Christmas Day 1000.

King Stephen was canonized as St Stephen on August 20, 1083. His feast day was celebrated as August 20 from 1083 until 1687, then moved to September 2nd until 1969 when it became August 16th.

King Stephen's right hand, known as the Holy Right, is kept as a holy relic at the Basilica of King Saint Stephen in Budapest.

Under the patronage of Matthias Corvinus, Hungary was the first country outside Italy to embrace the Renaissance.

The word 'coach' derives from the name of the Hungarian town Kocs, where multi-passenger wheeled vehicles first appeared around 1500.

In 1867 Austria and Hungary signed a treaty, establishing the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy. The agreement brought massive economic growth, but after the defeat in World War I, the Kingdom was abolished.

The Treaty of Trianon was the peace agreement of 1920 signed in Paris to formally end World War I between most of the Allies of World War I and the Kingdom of Hungary. The treaty regulated the status of an independent Hungarian state and defined its borders. Hungary lost 71% of its territory and 63% of its population.

Drafted borders of Austria-Hungary in the treaty of Trianon and Saint Germain

Following the fall of Nazi Germany, Soviet troops occupied the entire country with the goal of forming Hungary into a communist satellite state of the Soviet Union. The Parliament of Hungary abolished the monarchy after nine centuries, and proclaimed the Hungarian People's Republic on February 1, 1946.

Hungarian parliament
On July 10, 1946, it was reported that hyperinflation in Hungary meant prices were doubling every 11 hours.

The Hungarian Revolution began on October 23, 1956 as a peaceful student demonstration which attracted thousands as it marched through central Budapest to the Parliament building. It was the first major threat to Soviet control since the USSR's forces drove Nazi Germany from its territory at the end of World War II.

The revolt spread quickly across Hungary and the government collapsed, but by January 1957, the new Soviet-installed government had suppressed all public opposition.

The Hungarian flag, with a hole with the communist coat of arms cut out, became the symbol of the revolution (see below).

Hungarian fencer Aladar Gerevich won gold in six consecutive Olympics from 1932-1960.

Hungarians have won Nobel Prizes in every category except peace.

In Hungary, when people write their names or introduce themselves publically, they usually use their last name first.

Source Daily Express

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