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Thursday, 27 August 2015

Iran

Iran is one of the world’s oldest continuous civilizations, with settlements dating back to 4,000 BC.

The Achaemenid Empire founded by Cyrus the Great in 550 BC stretched from the Balkans in the west, to the Indus Valley in the east, making it the largest empire the world had yet seen. The empire collapsed in 330 BC following the conquests of Alexander the Great.

Historically, Iran has been referred to as Persia by the West, mainly due to the writings of Greek historians who called Iran Persis, meaning "land of the Persians." In 1935, Reza Shāh Pahlavi, the Shah of Iran, requested the international community to refer to the country by its native name, "Iran". This was done to show that Iran belongs to all the non-Persian Iranians as well as to Persian Iranians.

The name Iran means land of the Aryans. It is used in the ancient book of the Zoroastrians, the Avesta. The "Aryan Race" was a term that Hitler used to describe his "Superior" or "perfect" race, but it originally meant Iranians.

In 1953 the US and UK overthrew the first Iranian democratic government because Iran wanted to nationalize the petroleum reserves.

In 1979, the Islamic Revolution of Iran established an Islamic theocracy under the leadership of Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini.

The flag of Iran is a tricolor comprising equal horizontal bands of green, white and red. The tricolor flag was introduced in 1906, but after the Islamic Revolution the Arabic words 'Allahu akbar' ('God is great'), written in the Kufic script of the Qur'an and repeated 22 times, were added to the red and green strips where they border the white central strip. The new "holy" flag was adopted on July 29, 1980.


November 4th is national "Death to America" day in Iran, and it's an official national holiday.

Tehran is the capital of Iran and home to 12 million people. Tehran means "warm slope."

Iran has the highest rate of nose surgery in the world per capita, since the mandatory hijab tend to highlight the female face.

There is a rain forest in northern Iran, which stretches from the east in the Khorasan province to the west in the Ardebil province, covering the other provinces of Gilan, Mazandaran, and Golestan.

Iran is the only country that has both a Caspian Sea and an Indian Ocean coastline.

Nearly half of Iran has an arid desert climate. It receives less than 4 inches of rainfall per year.

The natural gas reserves of Iran are about 1,046 trillion cubic feet, about 15.8% of world's total reserves. It is the world's second largest reserves after Russia.

Iran has one of the largest rates of "brain drain" in the world. Up to 180,000 specialists and academic elite leave the country every year.

Iran is the only country in the world where it is legal to sell your kidneys — the government regulates the market.

Iran has the highest rate of nose surgery in the world per capita, since the mandatory hijab tend to highlight the female face.

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