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Monday, 1 August 2011

Algeria

In 1827 the French consul was struck in the face with a fly-whisk by the ruler of Algiers. In retaliation 34,000 French soldiers begin their invasion of Algeria, landing 27 kilometres (17 mi) west of Algiers at Sidi Fredj on June 14, 1830. They did not subdue the country until 1848.

Fighting at the gates of Algiers in 1830
The Algerian war of Independence was started by members of the National Liberation Front (FLN) on November 1, 1954, The brutality of the methods employed by the occupying army resulted in discredited French prestige abroad. The conflict ended with Algerian independence in 1962.

The People's Democratic Republic of Algeria was formally proclaimed on September 25, 1962. Ferhat Abbas was elected President of the provisional government.

The name of the country is derived from it’s capital city - Algiers.

The national flag of Algeria consists of two equal vertical bars, green and white, charged in the center with a red star and crescent. The flag was adopted on July 3, 1962. The flag's design was derived from the standard of Emir Abdel Kadir in the 19th century which consisted of two equal vertical bands, green and white.


In 2010, the most common first names in Algeria were Mohamed and Fatima. 

98 percent of Algeria's exports are petroleum or natural gas.

Sonatrach, Algeria's national oil company, is the largest company in Africa

Algeria's size is 926,645 square miles making it the largest country in Africa, the Arab World and the Mediterranean Sea. Overall, it is the 10th-largest country in the world.

90 percent of Algeria is covered by the Sahara Desert.

Snow fell in the Sahara Desert in southern Algeria on February 18, 1979 for the first time in recorded history. 

Algeria has the second largest military in North Africa, and the largest defence budget in Africa

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