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Tuesday, 9 August 2011

Anatomy


Grey's Anatomy is the standard medical text book used by virtually every student doctor and nurse. It was compiled using detailed pictures of dead Jews that Hitler and the Third Reich experimented on, most of which where dissected while still alive. Although the medical community knows this fact, they continue using the book due to its detail and real-life pictures.

During the Middle Ages universities in the Arab world  ensured the tradition of Greek medicine continued and in the 13th century the first Islamic medical schools opened in Turkey. The study of anatomy, however, was bound by Islamic doctrine, which forbids dissection of the human body. Therefore Arab surgeons had to rely on the Greek texts for anatomical descriptions.

When Johannes Guinter, a professor of medicine at the University of Paris, translated Galen’s On Anatomical Procedures into Latin in 1531. the Greek physician was still acknowledged by the church to be the world’s only official authority on human anatomy. To query Galen’s authority on anatomy was an act of heresy punishable by death. This was in spite of the fact Galen gleaned his knowledge from dissecting dogs, goats and pigs rather than the human body. 
 
The Flemish court physician to the emperor Charles V, Andreas Versalius published in 1543 his masterwork, De Humani Corporis Fabrica (On the Structure of the Human Body). The author based his work on the numerous dissections he had undertaken over the last few years, despite the practice being thought contentious. In the book he gave the first truly accurate account of the human body, and created a new atmosphere of inquiry, which helped induce a shift in strategy in medicine from superstition into a scientific discipline.

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