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Tuesday, 2 August 2011

Alps

The English name Alps was taken via French from Latin Alpes. The French Alpage or Alpe in the singular mean "alpine pasture", and only in the plural may also refer to the mountain range as a whole.

The two men who first explored the higher regions of the Alps were H.B. de Saussure (1740–1799) in the Pennine Alps and the Benedictine monk of Disentis Placidus a Spescha (1752–1833), most of whose ascents were made before 1806 in the valleys at the sources of the Rhine.

The highest peak, at 15,774 ft, is Mont Blanc, on the Franco-Italian border.

Its longest glaciers is the Aletsch Glacier in the Bernese Alps, which is 11 miles long.

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