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Monday, 8 August 2011

Amusement Park

The oldest amusement park is Bakken, located in Klampenborg, Denmark, which originally opened in 1583.

Copenhagen's Tivoli Gardens, the second oldest still intact amusement park in the world, opened on August 15, 1843. With 4.733 million visitors in 2015, Tivoli is the fourth most-visited in Europe, only behind Disneyland Paris, Europa-Park Rust and the Efteling.

George Washington Gale Ferris Jr (1859-96) designed the first Ferris wheel. It was launched on June 21, 1893 and towered 140 feet into the air for the World’s Columbian Exposition Fair that was being held in Chicago.

The original Chicago Ferris Wheel, built for the 1893 World's Columbian Exposition

Santa Claus Land, the world's first themed amusement park, opened in Santa Claus, Indiana, United States on August 3, 1946. The park offered a Santa, a toy shop, toy displays, a restaurant, and themed children's rides, one of which was The Freedom Train. Santa Claus Land didn't charge admission until 1955 and changed its name to Holiday World & Splashin' Safari in 1984.

The Freedom Train, previously called the Santa Claus Land Railroad

Movie star Macauley Culkin helped Michael Jackson design the amusement park at his Neverland Valley Ranch home in California.

The Silver Dollar City Tennessee amusement park in Pigeon Forge, Tennessee reopened as Dollywood  in 1986 after Dolly Parton took an ownership stake. The park grew considerably and became very successful with Parton involved.

The Action Park  amusement park located in Vernon, New Jersey, USA, was open from 1978 until 1996 was so unsafe it was given nicknames such as "Traction Park" and "Accident Park" by doctors at nearby hospitals due to the number of severely injured parkgoers they treated. The Alpine Slide alone produced 14 broken bones, 26 head injuries, and one fatality. After a massive overhaul, the amusement park was reopened in 1998 as Mountain Creek Waterpark. It operated under that name until 2014, when it reverted back to its Action park moniker.

The Banshee at the Kings Island amusement park became the longest inverted roller coaster in the world when it opened in 2014.

The world’s tallest Ferris wheel opened in Las Vegas on March 31, 2014. At 550-foot tall (167.6 m) , the High Roller, which takes 30 minutes to rotate once, is is 9 ft (2.7 m) taller than its predecessor, the 541-foot (165 m) Singapore Flyer, which had held the record from 2008.

The High Roller. By Nate Stiller - Wikipedia Commons

Salina Turda is a salt mine in Turda, Romania that has been converted into an amusement park 400 feet below ground.

The phrase "white-knuckle ride," originated from exciting but scary amusement park rides on which the travelers would grasp the rail before them so tightly that their knuckles would turn white. The expression is used figuratively to describe any nerve-racking experience.

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