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Wednesday, 10 August 2011

Animated cartoon

Birmingham printer John Barnes Linnett patented flip books, showing animation by flipping through the pages of a book in 1868.

The first public performance of Charles-Emile Reynaud’s Théâtre Optique in Paris, on October 28, 1892. It showed a 15-minute animation, Pauvre Pierrot, made from 500 hand-painted images and was the first presentation of projected moving images to an audience.

The first public performance in 1892. The image was back projected onto the screen
Reynaud’s animated film was a development of his praxinoscope which used a strip of pictures spinning around the inside of a cylinder.

Emile Cohl, comedy film writer/director at the Gaumont Studio, used simple stick figures to produce the first frame-by-frame animated cartoon film, Fantasmagorie in 1908.

Britain’s first newspaper cartoon was printed in Bell’s Weekly Messenger. It depicted the House of Lords shocked by the Reform Bill’s plan to create 50 new peers

Sent to New York City by Eclair Films, in 1912 Cohl adapted the George McManus strip, The Newlyweds and Their Baby, into the first animated series

Walt Disney's first cartoon character was called Oswald the Rabbit.

Walt Disney's Galloping Gaucho and Steamboat Willie (1928) were the first cartoons with sound.

Walt Disney’s cartoon dog Pluto was created in 1930, just after Pluto was discovered. The dog was first named Rover and he became Pluto in the 1931 cartoon The Moose Hunt.

The voice actors of Mickey Mouse and Minnie Mouse from the 1930s got married in real life.

Mel Blanc was the voice of Bugs Bunny, Daffy Duck and many other popular cartoon characters. His real name was Melvin Blank but he changed the surname after a teacher told him he would amount to nothing with a name like Blank.

Mel Blanc voiced the part of Daffy Duck for 52 years (1937-1989), a record at the time for a single voice voiced for an animated character.

Fiddlesticks was the first animated sound cartoon that was photographed in two-strip Technicolor. It was made by Ub Iwerks and released on August 16, 1930.

Walt Disney's Flowers and Trees premiered on July 30, 1932. It was the first commercially released film to be produced in the full-color three-strip Technicolor process after several years of two-color Technicolor films. Flowers and Trees was also the first Academy Award winning cartoon short.

Poster of first Technicolor Silly Symphony, Flowers and Trees

Looney Tunes was created to promote Warner Brothers' music catalog in the 1930's. That's why it's "Tunes" and not "Toons."

Popeye became the first cartoon character to have a statue in his honour when a Popeye statue was put up in Crystal City, Texas, in 1937.

Bugs Bunny made his debut in the Warner Bros animated cartoon A Wild Hare on July 27, 1940. A Wild Hare was a huge success and received an Academy Award nomination for Best Cartoon Short Subject.

Bugs Bunny's first appearance in A Wild Hare (1940).

Bugs Bunny was the first cartoon character to appear on a stamp.

The Bugs Bunny cartoon What’s Opera, Doc? was voted the Greatest Cartoon of all time in a poll in 1994. It is a parody of Wagner’s Ring Cycle.

The first feature-length animated film, Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, was released by Disney Studios and premiered at the Carthay Circle Theater in Los Angeles on December 21, 1937. It was animated entirely by hand and took Walt Disney and his studio three years to complete. It was exponentially more expensive than the animated shorts the studio had produced until that time and met with considerable opposition. Disney eventually had to mortgage his house to help finance the project, which was derisively nicknamed "Disney's Folly" by those in the film industry.

Walt Disney paid the animators on Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs $5 for any gag that made it into the final version of the movie.

The cartoon cat and mouse Tom and Jerry made their debut on February 10, 1940, in an animated short released by MGM entitled Puss Gets The Boot. On this first release to the theaters the cat and mouse were called Jasper and Jinx.

The names of "Tom" and "Jerry" were suggested by animator John Carr who won $50 in a competition among studio members to come up with names. At the time Tom and Jerry was best known as the name of a Christmastime mixed drink. It was also a British slang term from the 1800’s, meaning “to fight and cause trouble”.

The names of Popeye’s four nephews are Pipeye, Peepeye, Pupeye and Poopeye. Their first appearance as Popeye’s nephews was in 1942.

Paul Winchell, who was the voice of Tigger in the Disney films, was the first person to design and patent an artificial heart.

The moment when Cinderella's Fairy Godmother transforms her torn dress into a gown was said to be Walt Disney's favorite piece of animation.

101 Dalmatians and Peter Pan are the only two Disney animated movies in which both parents are present and don't die in the movie plot.

The Flintstones cartoon was the first thirty-minute cartoon to be aired during prime time.

Casey Kasem was the voice of Shaggy on Scooby-Doo.

Hugh Hefner, the founder of Playboy was a failed cartoonist (he enrolled in a figure-drawing course at the Art Institute of Chicago.

The 1983 Inspector Gadget TV series wass the first animated television series to be presented in stereo sound.

The Simpsons premiered on April 19, 1987 as a short cartoon on The Tracey Ullman Show.

The Simpson family as they originally appeared in The Tracey Ullman Show as their television debut in 1987.

The 1991 film Beauty and the Beast was the first animated movie to ever receive a best picture Oscar nomination.

ReBoot, a Canadian CGI-animated action-adventure television series that originally aired from 1994 to 2001, was the world's first ever half-hour, completely computer-animated TV series

In 1997 The Simpsons became the longest-running prime-time animated TV series, besting the six-season record previously held by The Flintstones.

Family Guy was the first animated series to be nominated for an Emmy Award for Best Comedy Series since The Flintstones in 1961

The best animated feature Oscar (longer than 40 minutes) was first awarded at the 74th academy awards in 2001 and was won by Shrek.

Beauty and the Beast, UP, and Toy Story 3 are the only animated movies to be nominated for Best Picture by the Academy Awards.

The Lion King is the highest-grossing hand drawn film in history.

Source Daily Express

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