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Sunday, 11 May 2014

Coal

In Britain during the Middle Ages there was a prejudice against coal as domestic fuel. However a shortage of wood in some areas meant that it came increasingly into use by the 1400s..

Anthracite is the most metamorphosed type of coal  It has the highest carbon content, the fewest impurities, and the highest calorific content of all types of coal except for graphite.

Anthracite coal was first experimentally burned as a residential heating fuel in the US on February 11, 1808, by Judge Jesse Fell in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, on an open grate in a fireplace.
Anthracite coal

The world's first coal-fired power station, generating electricity for public use, was built at number 57, Holborn Viaduct in London, by Thomas Edison's Edison Electric Light Company. Holborn Viaduct power station began running on January 12, 1882.

Holborn Viaduct Power Station

Some of the first vacuum cleaners were coal powered.

Deep coal mining ceased in the United Kingdom with the closure of Kellingley Colliery on December 18, 2015.


Since 1983 the world top coal producer has been China. In 2011 China produced 3,520 millions of tonnes of coal – 49.5% of the world coal production.


Nylon is made from coal and petroleum.

Coal makes up about 40% of the world's carbon dioxide emissions from fuels.

Almost 70% of world steel production depends on burning coal.

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