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Sunday, 25 May 2014

Cold War

The phrase “cold war” to describe the tension between the Soviet Union and the West was popularized in 1947 by the American financier and presidential advisor Bernard Baruch. In a speech in south Carolina he said “Let us not be deceived-we are today in the midst of a cold war.”

It was Baruch's speechwriter Herbert Bayard Swope, who had been using the phrase privately since 1940, who suggested it to him.

The CIA offered funding to artists Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko and de Kooning so that their abstract work would show how free artists were in the United States compared to the rigid work of the Soviet Union.

Mikhail Gorbachev's attempts at reform and partnership with Ronald Reagan led to the end of the Cold War. On December 3, 1989 Presidents George Bush and Mikhail Gorbachev announced the official end to the Cold War at a meeting in Malta.

The Soviet leader was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts to lessen Cold War tensions and open up his nation.

Mikhail Gorbachev and Ronald Reagan sign the INF Treaty at the White House, 1987

During the Cold War, the Americans considered airdropping enormous condoms labeled “Medium” on the Soviets.

In 1984 Ronald Reagan sent the Soviet Army on high alert after saying "We begin bombing in five minutes" while doing a sound check.

"In God We Trust" was placed on all U.S. bills during the Cold War as a way to express the United States' anti-communist beliefs.

During the Cold War, the BBC planned to air The Sound of Music after a nuclear strike to improve the morale of survivors.

CIA agents used a method of communication based on how their shoelaces were tied during the Cold War.

During the Cold War, MI5 planned to use gerbils at airports to help detect terrorists, secret agents, and subversives.

Source Dictionary of Phrase and Fable by Nigel Rees

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