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Saturday, 10 May 2014

Cleveland

The surveyors of the Connecticut Land Company named an area in Ohio "Cleveland" on July 22, 1796 after General. Moses Cleaveland, the superintendent of the surveying party.

During the 19th century Cleveland's location at the mouth of the Cuyahoga River and Great Lakes port helped make it an important industrial center of the United States.


In the United States the first professional to win national recognition as a boxing champion was a heavyweight, Tom Jenkins, of Cleveland. He ruled as king of his division from the 1890s until 1908, when he lost to Frank Gotch of Iowa.

The first ever electric traffic light was installed in Cleveland on August 5, 1914. Placed on the corner of Euclid Avenue and East 105th Street, bicycles and cars as well as horses competed for domination of the road.


The first black baseball player in the American League was Larry Doby with the Cleveland Indians in 1947.

On January 23, 1956, Cleveland forbade its under 18 citizens from dancing at rock and roll concerts, citing a municipal legal anomaly from 1931.


In 1965 Sister Mary Kenneth Keller, from Cleveland became was the first woman to earn a PhD in Computer Science in the United States. She also earned a Masters degree in Mathematics and Physics, helped develop computer programming languages, and was a Catholic nun.

Carl B. Stokes was elected as Mayor of Cleveland on November 7, 1967, becoming the first African American mayor of a major American city.

Financial difficulties and a notorious 1969 fire on the Cuyahoga River challenged Cleveland in the 1960s and 1970s. On December 16, 1978, Cleveland became the first major American city to enter into a financial default on federal loans since the Great Depression.

The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame (see below) was opened on the lakefront in Cleveland in 1986.


On December 17 1991, the Cleveland Cavaliers beat the Miami Heat 148-80, the largest margin of victory in an NBA game.

In Cleveland it is illegal to catch mice without a hunting license.

Women are not allowed to wear patent-leather shoes in Cleveland.

Cleveland spelled backwards is 'DNA level C.'

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