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Wednesday, 27 July 2011

Abdomen

The abdomen (belly) is the part of the body below the thorax, containing the digestive organs.

In insects the abdomen is the hind part of the body and is characterized by the absence of limbs.

In mammals, the female reproductive organs are in the abdomen.



In 1809 an American surgeon, Ephraim McDowell, performed the first successful ovariotomy on 47-year-old Jane Todd Crawford, removing a twenty-pound tumorous ovary without the patient incurring any infection. Despite never having obtained a medical degree McDowell became known as the best surgeon west of Philadelphia and gained a reputation as the "father of abdominal surgery."

Source Hutchinson Encyclopedia

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