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Wednesday, 27 July 2011

John Adams

John Adams was born on October 30, 1735 in Braintree, Massachusetts (now Quincy, Massachusetts).

His father  John Adams Sr. (1691–1761) worked as a farmer and cobbler

John's mother came from a prominent family of scientists and medical doctors.

He had two younger brothers, Peter and Elihu.

On October 25, 1764 the daughter of a Congregational minister, Abigail, married John, who was the son of a farmer. The minister was so enraged that she was marrying beneath her that the lesson he read was from Luke 7 v33 “John came neither eating bread, nor drinking wine and some say he has a devil in him.” John Adams (1735-1826) later became the second president of the United States.

As an attorney, John Adams successfully defended the British soldiers who killed five colonists in the "Boston Massacre" of 1770.

During the American Revolution, Abigail kept the family farm from ruin as war raged around her, contributing to the cause by housing the local militia and even melting down utensils to make bullets.

On September 27, 1779, Continental Congress appointed John Adams to negotiate peace and commerce with Great Britain during the Revolutionary War.

The first ever peaceful transfer of power between elected leaders in modern times took place in 1797, when John Adams was sworn in as President of the United States, succeeding George Washington.

President John Adams (1735-1826), by Asher B. Durand (1767-1845). By Asher Brown Durand - Wikipedia commons

John Adams, second president of the US, started smoking at the age of eight.

The first residents of the White House were John Adams and Abigail. Only six rooms were finished when they arrived on November 1, 1800. At the time it was known as the “Presidential Building.”

One of the Adams first additions to the White House was a vegetable garden.

Abigail Adams

John Adams's daughter was diagnosed with breast cancer and had a mastectomy without anesthesia in 1811.

Abigail Adams died on October 28, 1818 of typhoid fever. She is buried beside her husband in a crypt located in the United First Parish Church (also known as the Church of the Presidents) in Quincy, Massachusetts. Her last words were, "Do not grieve, my friend, my dearest friend. I am ready to go. And John, it will not be long."

John Adams once traveled with Thomas Jefferson to Stratford-upon-Avon to visit Shakespeare’s birthplace. While there, they took a knife to one of Shakespeare’s chairs so they could take home some wood chips as souvenirs.

Years later, Adams was embroiled in an election battle against his Vice President Jefferson. Adams warned of the consequences of a potential Jefferson presidency in an attack ad: “Murder, robbery, rape, adultery, and incest will be openly taught and practiced, the air will be rent with the cries of the distressed, the soil will be soaked with blood and the nation black with crimes.”

John Adams died on July 4, 1826. Ironically, his last words were "Thomas Jefferson still survives." He was mistaken: Jefferson had died five hours earlier at Monticello.

John Adams and his son John Quincy Adams are buried together in a basement crypt in Quincy, Massachusetts.


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