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Thursday, 28 July 2011


Afghanistan is a mountainous, landlocked country in south-central Asia.

Afghanistan  literally means ‘land of the Afghans.’

Carrots were first cultivated in Afghanistan about 3000 years ago. They originally had yellow flesh and a purple exterior.

Afghanistan first became an independent emirate under the Pathan tribesman Ahmed Shah Durrani in 1747. He established the Durrani Empire which lasted for nearly a century and covered all of Afghanistan as well as parts of Iran, Pakistan and Kashmir.

The Treaty of Rawalpindi, was an armistice made between the United Kingdom and Afghanistan following the Third Anglo-Afghan War, which was signed on August 19, 1919. The United Kingdom recognized Afghanistan's independence and agreed that British India would not extend past the Khyber Pass.

In the 1960s and early 70s - before the Soviet takeover, Afghan women comprised 50% of government workers, 70% of schoolteachers, and 40% of doctors in Kabul. Now the literacy rate for women is 12.6%. Only 6% of women get a high school education.

In the early 90s, the U.S. gave Afghan children textbooks filled with militant Islamic teachings to spur resistance to the Soviet occupation.

The Taliban seized Afghanistan's capital Kabul on September 27, 1996 after driving out President Burhanuddin Rabbani and executing former leader Mohammad Najibullah. They declared the country an Islamic state.

Afghanistan has had 21 different flags since the first flag when the Hotaki dynasty which made Afghanistan independent was established in 1709. It has had more changes since the start of the 20th century than any other flag in the world. The current flag was adopted by the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan in 2013.

Afghanistan has been invaded by Greek, Arab, Mongol, Mughal, Persian, British, Sikh and USSR empires. They all failed to capture Afghanistan completely.

Afghanistan is one of the most inaccessible countries in the world. The nearest sea, The Arabian Sea, is 300 miles away.

It's population is 20.7 million and principle languages are Pushtu 60% and Dari, 30%.

The sport of Buzkashi is played on horseback in Afghanistan. It is rather like polo but instead of having a ball and polo sticks, the horsemen try to dump a headless calf in the enemy goal.

Afghanistan and Azerbaijan are only nations whose names begin with an “A”, but doesn't end in an “A”

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