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Wednesday, 27 July 2011

John Quincy Adams

John Quincy Adams was born on July 11, 1767 at Braintree, Massachusetts Bay (now Quincy, Massachusetts, U.S.). He was named for his mother's maternal grandfather, Colonel John Quincy, after whom Quincy, Massachusetts, is named.

He was the son of the first Vice President, and second President, of the United States, President John Adams and Abigail Adams.

John Quincy Adams did not attend school, but was tutored by his cousin James Thax and his father's law clerk, Nathan Rice.

Adams entered Harvard as a Junior. He graduated second in his class in 1787.

John Quincy Adams - Age 29

When Adams' father became president, he appointed his son in 1797 as Minister to Prussia at George Washington's urging. There Adams signed the renewal of the very liberal Prussian-American Treaty of Amity and Commerce after negotiations with Prussian Foreign Minister Count Karl-Wilhelm Finck von Finckenstein. He served at that post until 1801.

While serving abroad, Adams married Louisa Catherine Johnson, the daughter of a poor American merchant, in a ceremony at the church of All Hallows-by-the-Tower, London on July 26, 1797.

Gilbert Stuart Portrait of Louisa Catherine Johnson

Adams remains the only president to have married a First Lady born outside of the United States.

Every day Adams read two to five chapters of the Bible in the original Hebrew and Greek and drew strength from them.

The first opinion poll was held in 1824 to predict a US presidential election. It said Andrew Jackson would beat John Quincy Adams. It was wrong, after no presidential candidate received a majority of electoral votes, the United States House of Representatives elected John Quincy Adams president on February 9, 1825.

Adams was the sixth President of the United States serving between 1825–1829.

John Quincy Adams in a posthumous portrait created in 1858 by G.P.A. Healy.[

John Quincy Adams was the first U.S. President to wear trousers instead of knee breeches at his inauguration.

John Quincy Adams and Teddy Roosevelt are the only two US Presidents that did not use a Bible at their swearing-in ceremonies.

John Quincy Adams was partial to skinny-dipping early every morning in the Potomac River. After being refused an interview, journalist Anne Royall went to the river one morning, took his clothes and sat on them until she got her interview. She was the first woman to interview a president.

The Marquis de Lafayette gave John Quincy Adams a pet alligator. The alligator lived in the White House for several months. Adams kept the alligator in his bath and liked to scare visitors with it.

Adams was the only President elected to the US House in 1830 after serving as president. He served there 17 years.

Adams died on February 23, 1848. Two days previously, he'd had a stroke on the floor of the US House. Adams was carried to Speaker’s Room where he passed away.

John and John Quincy Adams are buried together in a basement crypt in Quincy, Massachusetts.


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