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Sunday, 14 August 2011

Archaeology

When 20th-century archaeologist Leonard Woolley excavated the temple at the ancient Sumerian city of  Ur, he found rows of neatly arranged artifacts of varying ages accompanied by inscriptions describing them. The 2500-year-old archaeological museum indicates that interest in the physical remains of the past stretches back into prehistory.

Looting of archaeological sites is an ancient problem. For instance, many of the tombs of the Egyptian pharaohs were looted during antiquity.

Cyriacus of Ancona (1391 — 1453/55) has been called the father of archaeology. An itinerant Italian humanist, iriaco traveled all around the Eastern Mediterranean, noting down his archaeological discoveries in his day-book, Commentaria, that eventually filled six volumes.

A father of archaeology in the early 1790s, Thomas Jefferson excavated burial mounds in Virginia to determine if the mound builders were Native Americans. His 1799 report on these excavations were one of the earliest significant archaeology works.

Themistoklis Sofoulis (1860-1949) was an archaeologist, who published certain insightful surveys and he participated actively in various excavations around Greece. In 1900 he abandoned archaeological excavations to devote himself to politics. On July 24, 1924 Sofoulis became Prime Minister of Greece serving as leader of the country twice.

Themistoklis Sofoulis

There’s statistical evidence that the number of archaeology students increased after the release of Raiders of the Lost Ark.

In 2001 the Taliban destroyed the Buddhas of Bamiyan, ancient Buddha statues built into an Afghan mountain. Shortly after their destruction, researchers uncovered an archaeological cave site behind the statues. The Taliban unintentionally uncovered new Buddhist treasures through their actions.

Source Wikipedia

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