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Wednesday, 17 August 2011

The Arctic

Arctic comes from the Greek word "Arktos," which means bear, so the Arctic is the land of the bears, and Antarctica is the land without bears.

The Arctic Ocean is the world's smallest ocean and the shallowest. It is mostly covered by solid ice, ice floes, and icebergs.

Sound carries so well in the Arctic that on a calm day, a conversation can be heard from 1.8 miles away.

The reason why the Canadian Arctic is called the "Land of the Midnight Sun" is because during the summer many communities have light 24 hours of the day.

An Arctic expedition led by Norwegian explorer Fridtjof Nansen reached 86°13.6'N, almost three degrees beyond the previous Farthest North mark on April 7, 1896.

Artist's impression of Nansen and Johansen's northernmost camp, 86°13.6′N 

A Soviet station, North Pole-1, became the first scientific research settlement to operate on the drift ice of the Arctic Ocean in 1937.

The lowest temperature recorded in the Arctic is –68C (–90.4F) in Siberia.

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