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Wednesday, 17 August 2011


The United States Army established Fort Buchanan on the Sonoita River in present-day southern Arizona on November 17, 1856. This was in order to help control new land acquired in the Gadsden Purchase, a 29,640-square-mile (76,800 km2) region of present-day southern Arizona and southwestern New Mexico that was purchased by the US in a 1853 treaty. After the Apaches attacked and forced the small garrison to retreat in 1865 it was abandoned and Fort Crittenden was established half a mile east on the flats two years later.

The ruins of Fort Buchanan in 1914

Arizona became the 48th US state on February 14, 1912. It was the last of the contiguous states to be admitted. It was previously part of the territory of Alta California in New Spain before being passed down to independent Mexico and later ceded to the United States after the Mexican–American War.

Phoenix originated in 1866 as a hay camp to supply Camp McDowell.

The saguaro cactus blossom is the official state flower. The white flower blooms on the tips of the saguaro cactus during May and June. The saguaro is the largest American cactus.

Arizona's most abundant mineral is copper.  Arizona leads the nation in copper production.

Bisbee, located in Tombstone Canyon, is known as the Queen of the Copper Mines. During its mining history the town was the largest city between Saint Louis and San Francisco.

The amount of copper on the roof of the Capitol building is equivalent to 4,800,000 pennies.

The Palo verde is the official state tree. Its name means green stick and it blooms a brilliant yellow-gold in April or May.

The ringtail is the official state mammal. The ringtail is a small fox-like animal about two and one-half feet long and is a shy, nocturnal creature.

The battleship USS Arizona was named in honor of the state. It was commissioned in 1913 and launched in 1915 from the Brooklyn Navy Yard.

The Castilian and Burgundian flags of Spain, the Mexican flag, the Confederate flag, and the flag of the United States have all flown over the land area that has become Arizona.

The geographic center of Arizona is 55 miles (89 kilometers) southeast of Prescott.

The original London Bridge was shipped stone-by-stone and reconstructed in Lake Havasu City.

Located in Fountain Hills is a fountain believed to be the tallest in the world.

The city of Surprise in Arizona was named by its founder who stated she "would be surprised if the town ever amounted to much."

Four Corners is noted as the spot in the United States where a person can stand in four states at the same time.

Supai Village, Arizona is only accessible by helicopter or eight mile hike—it's one of the only spots in the U.S. where mail comes via mule.

Arizona, among all the states, has the largest percentage of its land set aside and designated as Indian lands.

Oraibi is the oldest Native American settlement in the United States. The Hopis Indians founded it.

Despite its "Sunshine State" nickname, Florida is not the sunniest US state—Arizona is, closely followed by California.

Yuma is the sunniest city in the United States, with the sun shining an average of 90 percent of the time. This Arizona desert city also has the distinction of being the least humid and having fewer days of precipitation than any other US city.

Arizona contains at least 170 miles of earth fissures, created by the voids left behind by used-up groundwater.

Despite being commonly thought as being nothing but a desert, Arizona has the largest contiguous pine tree forest in the world.

Source Arizona Fast Facts and Trivia, Hungry For Heaven 

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