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Sunday, 18 September 2011

Aspirin

Hippocrates was the first to realize the healing power of bark of the willow tree. His ancient Greek treatment was a tea made from willow bark, and was effective against fevers and gout.

Eventually it was discovered that it was the compound salicylic acid, which occurs naturally in willow bark that caused the pain relief. Unfortunately it is bitter tasting and can cause vomiting.

By mixing acetylating salicylic acid with acetic acid, German Bayer AG chemist Felix Hoffman concocted a less acidic formula to ease his father’s arthritis on August 10, 1897. The new drug, formally acetylsalicylic acid, was named Aspirin by Bayer AG and trademarked on March 6, 1899.

The "A" in the name Aspirin was derived from derived from acetyl chloride - Acetylspirsäure in German. The "spir" comes from Spirsäure, an old German name for salicylic acid derived from the Latin Spiraea ulmaria. Bayer AG added "-in" as a typical drug name ending to make it easy to say.

Aspirin was the first drug sold in water-soluble tablets.


Within ten years Aspirin was ranked among the ten items most prescribed by American physicians. It came to symbolise modern medicine's feats in restoring a patient’s health.

Americans consume 42 tons of aspirin per day.

The weight of air in a milk glass is about the same as the weight of one aspirin tablet.

Source Greatfacts.com http://www.greatfacts.com/

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