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Friday, 12 August 2011

Mark Antony

Marcus Antonius commonly known in English as Mark or Marc Antony was born on January 14, 83 BC to a well-respected family.

Mark Antony had a a misspent youth and ran up gambling debts.

He was a supporter of Julius Caesar, and between 52 and 50 BC served as one of his generals during the conquest of Gaul and the Civil War.

Mark Antony was appointed administrator of Italy while Caesar eliminated political opponents in Greece, North Africa, and Spain.

After Caesar's death, he formed a three-man dictatorship known as the Second Triumvirate with Caesar's nephew Octavian and Marcus Aernillius Lepicius. They carved up Rome's provinces and Mark Antony was assigned Rome's eastern territories, including the client kingdom of Egypt, then ruled by Cleopatra.

He married Octavian's sister, Octavia to avert civil war with the Triumvirs, but  divorced her after embarking on an affair with Cleopatra, who bore him three children.

This strained the relationship with Octavian further and in 31 BC, Antony was defeated by Octavian's forces at the Battle of Actium.

Mark Antony fled to Egypt, where he committed suicide on August 1 30 BC. Cleopatra took her life a few days later.

Antony and Cleopatra's romance was made famous by Shakespeare's 1602 play and later immortalized in the 1963 Hollywood film Antony and Cleopatra, staring Richard Burton and Elizabeth Taylor.

Source Daily Mail

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