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Thursday, 8 January 2015

Episcopal Church

Episcopal Church—the American branch of the Anglican Communion, was so named because Anglican sounded treasonously English during the Revolutionary War.

The first Anglican congregation was founded in 1607 in Jamestown, Virginia. Two years later the Church of England became the established church in Virginia and by the time of the Revolutionary War, it was the established church of five of America’s thirteen colonies.

The Episcopal Church in the USA was formally established after the War of Independence in 1789 so that the clergy would not have to submit to the supremacy of the British monarch.

In 1784 an American, Samuel Seabury, was secretly consecrated in Scotland as the first American Episcopal bishop. A year later he returned to America to take up the appointments of rector of Saint James' Church in New London and the bishop of Connecticut and Rhode Island. He was the first Anglican bishop who owed no allegiance to the crown.

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