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Sunday, 25 January 2015


The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is an agency of the United States Government. It serves as both a federal criminal investigative organization and an internal intelligence agency.

The bureau was established on July 26, 1908 as the Bureau of Investigation (BOI). Its name was changed to the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) in 1935.

The BOI was founded by Charles Joseph Bonaparte, a grandnephew of Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte, who was the US Attorney General at the time.

The bureau's first official task was visiting and making surveys of the houses of prostitution in preparation for enforcing the White Slave Traffic Act, passed on June 25, 1910.

The first five black FBI agents were recruited in 1919 to investigate Marcus Garvey's organization in order to find some grounds for deporting Garvey, who was a citizen of Jamaica, from the U.S. A charge of mail fraud was brought against Garvey in connection with stock sales of the Black Star Line after the U.S. Post Office and the Attorney General joined the investigation.

J. Edgar Hoover was the Director of the Bureau from 1924 until his death in 1972.

As gangster Machine Gun Kelly surrendered to the FBI on September 26, 1933, he shouted out, "Don’t shoot, G-Men!", which became a nickname for FBI agents.

The FBI headquarters is the J. Edgar Hoover Building, located in Washington, D.C. They have 56 main offices in cities throughout the United States.

The FBI began its Ten Most Wanted Fugitives List in 1950 as a way to get the public's help in finding the nation's most dangerous criminals.

Ruth Eisemann-Schier became the first woman to be placed on the FBI's Most Wanted List in 1968 (for kidnapping, extortion, and other crimes.)

The FBI swore-in its first-ever female agents in 1972. They were former marine Susan Lynn Roley and former nun Joanne Pierce.

As of October 31, 2014, the FBI had a total of 35,104 employees. That includes special agents and support professionals such as intelligence analysts, language specialists, scientists, and information technology specialists.

Source Wikipedia

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