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Friday, 9 January 2015

European Union

The Treaty of London established in 1949 the Council of Europe in Strasbourg as the first European institution working for European integration.

The Flag of Europe (see below) was adopted by the Council of Europe on December 8, 1955.


West Germany, Italy, France, the Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxembourg signed the Treaty of Rome on March 25, 1957, establishing the Common Market.

Wikipedia Commons

The European Community was formally created on July 1, 1967 out of a merger with the Common Market, the European Coal and Steel Community, and the European Atomic Energy Commission.

The area of Common Market (now the EU) was halved in 1981 when Greenland (until then part of Denmark) was granted full independence.

Members of the European Community signed the Maastricht Treaty on February 7, 1992 at the Limburg Province government building in Maastricht, Netherlands.

Upon the treaty's entry into force on November 1, 1993 during the Delors Commission, it created the European Union and the single European currency, the euro.

Stone memorial commemorating the signing of the Maastricht Treaty. By Dozura

Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia were all admitted to the European Union on May 1, 2004. Their joining was celebrated at the residence of the Irish President in Dublin.

The Treaty of Lisbon, which amended the Treaty on European Union and the Treaty establishing the European Community, which together comprise the constitutional basis of European Union was signed by the EU member states on December 13. 2007. It came into effect on December 1, 2009.



A referendum took place on June 23, 2016 in the United Kingdom to gauge support for the country's continued membership of the European Union. Membership. The referendum resulted in an overall vote to leave the EU, by 51.9% to 48.1%.

“United in diversity” is the motto of the European Union.

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