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Sunday, 4 January 2015

Embryo

Early on, The Bible described how human life starts in the womb. Psalm 139:13-16 reads: "For you created my inmost being; you knit me together in my mother’s womb… Your eyes saw my unformed body; all the days ordained for me were written in your book before one of them came to be."

In 1651 William Harvey published Exercitationes de Generatione Animalium, where he concluded almost all animals are made from eggs and introduced the subject of Embryology. 23 years of research, especially of chicken embryos revealed how a minuscule egg in a female becomes a foetus which becomes the animal. The research involved dissecting numerous animals from the deer parks of Windsor and Hampton.

In 1669 Italian physician and biologist Marcello Malpighi  gave the first full account of an insect (the silkworm moth) and then began his work on the chick embryo. Later he turned to plant anatomy, discovering stomata in leaves and describing the development of the plant embryo. His research provided a foundation for later advances in physiology, embryology, and practical medicine.

The first transfer of an embryo from one human to another resulting in pregnancy was reported in July 1983. It subsequently led to the announcement of the first human birth on February 3, 1984. This procedure was carried out by Dr. John Buster and the research team at Harbor-UCLA Medical Center performed at the Harbor UCLA Medical Center.in California.

A new updated Catechism was initiated by Pope John Paul II in 1984, the first since 1566. It was the product of years of work by 12 cardinals. The 690–page document covered Catholic belief about God, the Sacraments, prayer and morality based on the Ten Commandments. It significantly lengthened a long list of existing sins and amongst the new transgressions mentioned was embryo research.

Embryo 7 weeks after conception By The original uploader was GoldenBear at German Wikipedia - Life Issues Institute, 1721W Galbraith Road, Cincinnati, OH 45239, 513.729.3600, www.lifeissues.org, CC BY-SA 3.0, $3

In May 2013, a group of scientists led by Shoukhrat Mitalipov published a report of a successful creation of embryos using using infant and fetal cells. The following year scientists succeeded for the first time in cloning cells from two adults to create early-stage embryos, and then derived tissue from those embryos that perfectly matched the DNA of the donors.

The morality of using Human embryos for research in treating diseases is much debated. When cells are extracted from an early-stage human embryo, it destroys the embryo, which many believe is equivalent to taking a life.

The brain of a 27-week-old embryo creates 100 billion connections a day.

Sources Europress Family Encyclopedia 1999, Wall Street Journal. 

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